Types of Mastectomies

February 22, 2017

By Jamal Jordan

Not all mastectomies are created equal. In order to understand the various types of mastectomies, one must first understand what a mastectomy is.

There are two surgical options when faced with breast cancer; a lumpectomy or a cancer-cell-genetics-1mastectomy. A lumpectomy is a surgical procedure in which the cancerous tumor is removed along with some surrounding breast tissue, while a mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which the entire breast is removed.

Some patients choose a mastectomy because there may be a higher chance of cancer recurring with a lumpectomy.



Types of mastectomies:

Simple or Total Mastectomy

The entire breast, including the nipple, is removed with the exception of the lymph nodes and muscle tissues.

Double Mastectomy

Both breasts are removed due to a high risk of the cancer spreading (metastasize).

Skin Sparing Mastectomy

The nipple, areola, and breast tissue are removed while the skin on top the breast is left untouched. This type of mastectomy is done for those who intend to have immediate breast reconstructive surgery.breast-screening

Nipple Spearing Mastectomy

The nipple and skin on top the breast is left intact, while the breast tissue is removed. In the event cancer is found under the nipple and areola, the nipple must be removed. This type of mastectomy is similar to a skin sparing mastectomy.

Modified Radical Mastectomy

A variation of the total mastectomy that removes the entire breast including the lymph nodes under the arm.

Radical Mastectomy

A variation of the total mastectomy that removes the entire breast, including the lymph nodes under the arm, and the pectoral muscles under the breast.

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